COVID-19 Southwest

Study Finds CFAP Payment Limits Are Limiting Specialty Crop Producers


A study recently conducted by the Agricultural & Food Policy Center (AFPC) at Texas A&M University found that the payment limits imposed by the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) would have varying impacts across the country. Specialty crop producers in particular would fail to access an estimated $483 million of the funds intended to them by Congress as a result of those limits.

The study was commissioned by an alliance of specialty crop industries shortly after the CFAP rules were announced. While the group would like to see higher limits to offset more of the losses incurred by farmers, they say that these producers specifically were not set-up to access the funds CFAP would provide in the same way other agriculture industries might.

“We know the money allotted by Congress to the USDA for the CFAP program would not make our American farmers whole,” said Dante Galeazzi, president of the Texas International Produce Association. “The losses our industry suffered due to the COVID impacts were simply too great, and I think everyone understands that. However, for our fruit and vegetable farmers to not be able to access the full monies allotted to them by our elected officials feels like salt on an open wound.”

Between March and April of this year, nearly all of the U.S. closed operations in an attempt to slow the spread of the coronavirus. Unfortunately, it also resulted in the overnight loss of a major distribution channel – the foodservice sector. Schools, restaurants, theme parks, cruise lines and resorts all closed. Some demand shifted to the grocery stores, but it was not enough to absorb the supply of the highly perishable products intended for those entities. As a result, the specialty crop producers lost approximately $12.5 million from Jan. 15-April 15.

“Because specialty crops do not participate in the traditional Title 1 safety net programs, specialty crop producers have not organized their business structures similar to row crop farmers,” cited the AFPC study. “Although Congress has not traditionally subjected specialty crop producers to payment limits, a significant number of farmers will have binding payment limits imposed by USDA which means they were eligible for more assistance to cover their losses than they ultimately received.”

As a result, the consequence would be many small family farms in the fresh fruit and vegetable sector qualifying for only $250,000 in covered losses, as opposed to the $750,000 limit simply due to their organizational set-up.

The good news is that a fix to the CFAP program is entirely possible.

“USDA, or Congress, must integrate a change into the CFAP program for the Specialty Crop section,” said Galeazzi. “At the minimum, these producers should be eligible for the full $750,000 limit regardless of their structure or ownership model. The combination of the perishability of fresh fruits and vegetables and the inability to access markets during this pandemic created a storm of conditions that sadly resulted in farmers having to destroy or discard their crops. We are only asking that USDA allow them to access the funds the CARES Act intended for them.”

For access to the full study, visit

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